栏目

杂配轴藜Axyris hybrida Linn.

杂配轴藜Axyris hybrida Linn.

别名:额日力斯-查干-图如;

科名:藜科 Chenopodiaceae

属名:轴藜属 Axyris

《中国植物志》第25(2)卷024页
  2.杂配轴藜 图版4:9-11
  Axyris hybrida L. Sp. Pl. 2: 980. 1753; Iljin in URSS 6: 113. 1936; Grubov, Pl. Asiae Centr. 2: 40. 1966.——A. amaranthoides var. nana Wang-Wei et Fuh in东北草本植物志2: 80. f. 78, add. 109. 1959. syn. nov.——A. amaranthoides Wang-wei et Fuh non L. p. p. 1. c.
  植株高5-40厘米,茎直立,由基部分枝,分枝通常斜展或上升,幼时被星状毛,后期秃净。叶柄较短,叶片卵形、椭圆形或矩圆状披针形,长0.5-3.5厘米,宽0.2-1厘米,先端钝或渐尖,具小尖头,基部楔形或渐狭,全缘,背部叶脉明显,两面皆被星状毛。雄花序穗状,花被片3,膜质,矩圆形,先端钝,基部渐狭,背部被毛,后秃净,雄蕊3,与花被片对生,伸出花被外。雌花花被片3,余者与前种相同。果实宽椭圆状倒卵形,长1.5-2毫米,宽约1.5毫米,两侧面具同心圆状皱纹,顶端具2个小的三角状附属物。花果期7-8月。
  本种在我国以往多被误定为轴藜(Axyris amaranthoides L.), 其分布面积亦广,见于黑龙江(西部)、内蒙古、河北、山西、河南、甘肃、青海、新疆、云南和西藏等省区。生于田边、路旁、河滩、草滩、山坡及沙丘上。国外分布于苏联和蒙古。

《Flora of China》 Vol. 5 (2003)
Axyris hybrida  Linnaeus
杂配轴藜   za pei zhou li
Axyris amaranthoides f. nana (W. Wang & P. Y. Fu) Kitagawa; Axyris amaranthoides var. nana W. Wang & P. Y. Fu.
Plants 5-40 cm tall. Stems erect, branched from base; branches often obliquely spreading or ascending, stellate hairy when young. Petiole shorter than leaf blade; leaf blade ovate, elliptic, or oblong-lanceolate, 0.5-3.5 × 0.2-1 cm, hairy on both surfaces, base cuneate or attenuate, margin entire, apex obtuse or acuminate; veins prominent abaxially. Male flowers: perianth segments 3, oblong, membranous, abaxially hairy, base attenuate, apex obtuse; stamens 3, exserted. Female flowers: perianth segments 3. Utricle broadly ellipsoid-obovoid, 1.5-2 × ca. 1.5 mm, encircled by wrinkles, with 2 small, triangular appendages apically. Fl. and fr. Jul-Aug.
Slopes, sand dunes, exposed river mud, field margins, roadsides. Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [Kashmir, Mongolia, Nepal, SE Russia; C and SW Asia].

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